Trail Hitch Classifications | D&S Automotive

Hitch Classifications

Know Before You Tow

Vehicles were made to haul heavy loads. So make sure it’s equipped with the tow hitch gear it needs to get the job done. D&S Automotive has the information you need to choose the right hitch classification for your needs.

Class I
This hitch is ideal for those with smaller vehicles towing minimal weight, such as a bike rack or cargo carrier.
–          Capacity: 2,000lbs Gross Trailer Weight and 200lbs Tongue Weight
–          Hitch Opening: 1-1/4” x 1-1/4” receiver

Class II
Designed for light duty towing, a class II trailer hitch is for those with mid-sized vehicles.  This hitch will handle small items such as a bike rack or cargo carrier, but can also accommodate small trailers.
–          Capacity: 3,500lbs Gross Trailer Weight and 350lbs Tongue Weight
–          Hitch Opening: 1-1/4” x 1-1/4” receiver

Class III
Class III hitches are designed for trucks, vans, and SUVs.  This tow hitch will allow the user to tow medium-sized trailers with ATVs or lawn equipment, as well as a small camper or boat.
–          Capacity: 6,000lbs Gross Trailer Weight and 600lbs Tongue Weight
–          Hitch Opening: 2” x 2” receiver

Class IV
The class IV tow hitch is a massive upgrade over the class III.  With double the weight capacity, this hitch will allow the user to haul their trailer, boat, or camper.
–          Capacity: 12,000lbs Gross Trailer Weight and 1,000lbs Tongue Weight
–          Hitch Opening: 2” x 2” receiver

Class V
Designed for heavy duty trucks or vans, this truck hitch receiver is the strongest and most capable.  Anything over the capacity of a class V would suggest a Gooseneck or Fifth-Wheel trailer hitch.
–          Capacity: 18,000lbs Gross Trailer Weight and 1,800 lbs of Tongue Weight
–          Hitch Opening: 2-1/2” x 2-1/2” receiver

Fifth-Wheel
Mounted above the bed, a fifth wheel trailer hitch gives the user more stability and clearance over the bed.  This hitch is typically used by those with a recreational trailer, such as camper or horse trailer.
–          Capacity: 15,000–26,000lbs Gross Trailer Weight and 4000-7500lbs of Tongue Weight

Gooseneck
Unlike a Fifth Wheel trailer hitch, a majority of gooseneck trailer hitches hide below the bed of the truck.  Some have a release on the trailer ball, which provides an unobstructed bed to use when not towing.
–          Capacity: 20,000–30,000lbs Gross Trailer Weight and 6250–7500lbs of Tongue Weight
–          Hitch Ball Size: 2-5/16”